France

April 11, 2022

France has dispatched a team of police officers trained in forensics to investigate alleged Russian war crimes in Ukraine, The Kyiv Independent reported Monday. The team will reportedly begin investigating crime scenes on Tuesday, focusing on the Kyiv suburbs, where retreating Russian forces left the streets littered with civilian corpses. Axios notes that "war crime charges are notoriously difficult to prosecute," but that forensic crime scene evidence, such as DNA, could help prosecutors "bring cases against some specific members of the Russian military." ⚡️ France sends a team of forensics police officers to Ukraine to assist in war crime investigations. The team will begin its work on April 12 in the Kyiv Oblast, where multiple counts of Russian war crimes were reported.— The Kyiv Independent (@KyivIndependent) April 11, 2022 Ukrainian President Volodymyr Zelensky and President Biden have repeatedly accused Russian forces of committing war crimes in Ukraine. After images of dead civilians in Bucha and other Kyiv suburbs emerged earlier this month, even previously neutral nations like Turkey, India, and China called for investigations. Russia has denied killing civilians in the Kyiv suburbs, calling the video and photo evidence a "monstrous forgery," and accusing Ukrainian forces of having killed the victims — some of who appear to have been bound before being shot — with indiscriminate air strikes.

April 4, 2022

French President Emmanuel Macron on Monday said "his wish" is to see the European Union enact a total blockade on Russian oil and gas "this week" in response to Moscow's "war crimes" in the Ukrainian town of Bucha, a Kyiv suburb. There are "very clear signs of war crimes" in Bucha, and "it's pretty established that it's the Russian army" that was responsible for the massacre of civilians in Bucha, Macron told French broadcaster France Inter. "We can't let it slide." "It's notable that Macron didn't mention targeting Russian gas, which accounts for about 40 percent of the EU's natural gas imports," BBC News reports.  Germany, which has been reliant on Russian gas imports, has been resistant to an energy blockade, even as it has supported other hard sanctions on Russia and even provided Ukraine arms. But German Defense Minister Christine Lambrecht said Sunday that the EU should at least discuss pulling the plug on Russian gas imports, one of Europe's last major financial lifeline for Moscow.  Lithuania, which was nearly 100 percent reliant on Russia for gas in 2015, said late Saturday that it has now cut itself off entirely. "Seeking full energy independence from Russian gas, in response to Russia's energy blackmail in Europe and the war in Ukraine, Lithuania has completely abandoned Russian gas," Lithuania's energy ministry said. Lithuania started the weaning process in 2014, building its own liquefied natural gas import terminal in Klaipeda.  "From this month on — no more Russian gas in Lithuania," Lithuanian President Gitanas Nauseda tweeted Saturday. "Years ago, my country made decisions that today allow us with no pain to break energy ties with the aggressor. If we can do it, the rest of Europe can do it too!" Lithuania's Baltic neighbors Latvia and Estonia also stopped importing Russian gas as of Saturday, though they are currently relying on gas reserves stored underground in Latvia, The Associated Press reports.  Macron said he will bring up the Russian oil and coal ban and other sanctions with France's European partners, "especially Germany, this week. "Those who are behind these crimes must answer for them," he said. "We must send the signal very clear that it's our collective dignity and it's our values that we defend."

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